Playground Fall Case Study

Playground Structure

James Weagley, MS, ATC, Recreation Expert

Case Summary: The plaintiff, a young boy participating in a summer camp program, fell from a playground structure when he was startled by a counselor yelling for him to get down. Along with sustaining injuries from the event, which required surgery and left him with residual pain and loss of motion, the plaintiff claimed that the playground was unsupervised during the time of the incident.

Analysis: The summer camp program was well staffed and appropriately trained.

Expert witness opined that it was reasonable to assume that the child was provided proper instruction on playground equipment use by not only the summer camp staff, but his mother as well. Further, the plaintiff had attended school where the playground was located and was most likely familiar with the equipment as well as the rules regarding its appropriate use. In his deposition, the plaintiff demonstrated a good understanding of proper use of the equipment and the safety risk associated with using the equipment improperly.

Despite plaintiff’s claim that there were no counselors present on the playground when the injury occurred, it is highly unlikely this was the case. This was an established summer camp program with an outstanding safety record and well documented safety policies and procedures. The staffing manual detailed appropriate staffing and staff responsibilities. The staff time sheet from the date of the accident indicated that there were 12 staff members supervising the playground. The playground site was appropriately staffed with a staff to camper ratio of 5:1. When providing playground supervision, the staff was instructed to spread out and move around. The staff was appropriately providing general supervision of the playground area.

The plaintiffs’ claim that he was startled by the camp counselor’s yell, causing him to fall, is inconsistent with his deposition. In his deposition, he indicated that he fell about 10 seconds after she yelled as he was attempting to get down. It is true that staff was instructed not to yell when they observed a child not complying with playground rules, however, this is a normal and appropriate reaction for someone in a supervisory position when they observe a child in danger. This particular counselor was 30 yards away in the parking lot when she noticed the plaintiff hanging on the outside of the playground structure. A fall risk existed at that very moment and yelling to get the plaintiff’s attention was the only way she could provide some level of appropriate intervention at that time.

In summary, the expert witness opined that the plaintiff was very familiar with the appropriate rules and use of the equipment at this playground, was knowledgeable of the risks associated with hanging on the outside railing of a playground structure, and chose to use the playground equipment improperly. Additionally, since the plaintiff fell 10 seconds after the counselor yelled, the claim that it was the cause of his fall should be eliminated. It was expert opinion that the witness alone bore responsibility for his actions that resulted in the fall and the subsequent injury he sustained. The fall accident happened despite adequate staffing and supervision. The reality is that sometimes, even though we have done everything to provide a safe environment, accidents do occur. The expert witness concluded there was no evidence to indicate the actions or inactions of the summer playground employees was a causative factor in this injury.

Result: This case was settled with no finding of negligence on the part of the entity sponsoring the summer playground program.

Categories: James Weagley | Playground Equipment


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